China annexed the independent countries of Tibet, Xinjiang (East Turkestan), Inner Mongolia and Manchuria only in 1950’s. Prior to that, all these countries were independent since existence. China has 56 officially recognized minority groups, which shows the extent to which it has forcefully annexed hitherto independent countries.
To justify annexation of these countries, the Chinese have taught a history to its citizens glorifying each conquest as guided by history. Since China is a single party Government, its Media is tightly controlled and the common Chinese doesn’t know the truth of illegal occupation of these countries by China.
Like a Silk worm which eats the Mulberry leaves slowly, China now claims Arunachal, Taiwan, 90% of South China sea, entire Siberia and now even half of Pacific ocean.
An arbitration case was brought by Philippines at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in Hague, under the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) against China concerning certain issues in the South China Sea including the legality of China’s “nine-dotted line” claim over the South China Sea under the UNCLOS.
On 12 July 2016, the tribunal ruled in favor of the Philippines. The tribunal ruled that China has “no historical rights” based on the “nine-dash line” map.
The South China sea annexation has brought many countries together against China. Japan, India, South Korea, US, Vietnam and Australia have come together against the Chinese actions in South China sea. Malaysia and Brunei are also opposing Chinese actions. Taiwan has an anti-China President but is siding with China on the issue. Philippines is dilly dallying and under its current President, wants to shift allegiances from US to China.
The most worrisome aspect of the situation is the position of Russia and ASEAN – Russia has conducted joint Navy exercise with China in South China sea, indicating its support to China on the issue. Russia has no love for China, but EU & US actions in Ukraine have forced it to side with China. ASEAN nations who don’t have a shared coast with South China sea, are looking more at their huge business with China, than coming together under ASEAN umbrella to support each other – This appeasement of China by ASEAN is highly unfortunate and looking at history, ASEAN will pay the cost for it one day.
It is hugely imperative to get Russia and other ASEAN nations in this coalition against China.
The reason for China’s muscle-flexing is that it has become too big for its ego. Till 2007, China’s GDP was of the same size as India’s current GDP – $2 Trillion. Come 2016 and China has grown from a $2 Trillion economy to a $11 Trillion economy, making it the second biggest economy in the world after US (which has a GDP of $18 Trillion). However, the growth is fueled by massive doses of debt – The nation’s total debt, led by rising corporate obligations, will reach 253% of GDP by the end of 2016, a doubling over the past eight years, according to credit ratings agency Fitch Ratings.
However, the real problem is not so much as its economic heft, but that an authoritarian China is a threat for the entire world. Proof lies in the way China has violated all International Treaties it is a part of – NSG, NPT, UNCLOS tribunal and the Outer Space Treaty, to name a few. NSG & NPT were contravened by nuclearizing Pakistan and North Korea. And it blasted a defunct satellite in space in 2007, thereby creating hazardous debris in orbit, in violation of the Outer Space Treaty. China also abused its permanent seat in the UN Security Council by blocking labeling of terrorist Masood Azhar, possible UN action on Dawood Ibrahim, besides UN actions in Africa and Middle-East.
China is also supporting terrorist organizations operating in North East India and Myanmar.
Tibet – India’s cultural brother:
I was born in the Himalayas. Whenever I have been there, and happen to stand on a quiet, lush scene, facing the mighty Himalayas – it pains me, moves me to tears to see the land beyond – Tibet, blocked for Indians and under brutal occupation of China. What has China got to do with Tibet, which is a cultural extension of India? For Indians, there is no memory of Chinese in our subconscious mind – apart from an occasional Fa Hein or Hsuan Tsang. This is because we had a buffer in the shape of Tibet, between us and China. Chinese are an alien race on our doorstep and their propping up of Pakistan, is to keep India busy on the western border and get them to keep Tibet. India is too great a civilization to be boxed in by artificial boundaries and the Chinese will have to vacate Tibet very soon. Tibet was independent till 1950 when the Chinese sent its forces to forcibly annex it.
India hosts the Dalai Lama and Tibetan Government in exile. The Dalai Lama crossed into India in 1959, after Chinese occupation of his country.
Nehru was sleeping while Sardar Patel kept on warning him to stop the Chinese from occupying Tibet. The occupation has an environmental angle also since all of Asia’s rivers flow from Tibet and now the Chinese have constructed dams on them. The Chinese have also refused to enter into any Water Treaty with any lower riparian country. They are committing genocide on the Tibetans and have placed nuclear missiles in Tibet.
China claims Tibet, East Turkestan, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, Taiwan, Siberia and Pacific island countries till Hawai, basis the facial features of people inhabiting these places, claiming it to be the sole Chinese race. Can it get any weirder than that?
The Indian civilization:
On the other hand, the civilization of India is based on common cultural values. It stretched from Iran to Kazakhstan to Mongolia to Japan to Indonesia to Mauritius. Its cultural affinity to these lands are as below:
Breaking the China-Pak imperial axis by breaking Pakistan and China:
China-Pak axis is the real Axis of evil – to borrow a phrase from US definition of North Korea-Libya-Myanmar. It’s an imperial axis. China is already sitting on annexed countries and committing genocide there. The Punjabis of Pakistan are, in turn, doing their end of the genocide on Baluchistan, Sindh, NWFP and PoK. India has to, foremost, do its duty of dismembering Pakistan into Baluchistan, NWFP, Sindh and merge PoK with J&K, leaving a Punjab on which the Sikhs have the true claim.
Only recently, under Modi, has Indian Government woken up to make plans for dividing Pakistan.
The next step would be helping Tibet, East Turkestan, Inner Mongolia and Manchuria achieve freedom from China. It would call for great dexterity in use of international diplomacy, forging international alliances and military power. But most of all – it would need will-power of the Indian Leadership backed by unflinching support of its people.
Association of Hindu-Buddhist countries:
The immediate step should be to form a regional alliance – an Association of Hindu – Buddhist countries.
India should make an association of Hindu – Buddhist countries with Japan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Mongolia, South Korea, Mauritius, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Fiji and Government in exile of Tibet. There might be hiccups in getting currently Islamic countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Maldives in the group but India should strive for it – The Saudi-led influx of Wahabi/ Salafi ideology through rabid propagation in Madarasas opened with Saudi money, can be best countered by stressing on the Sufi form of Islam in these countries.
China has to be excluded since it’s an artificial entity and a rogue one at that.
In the swearing-in ceremony of PM Modi, all South Asian neighbors were invited, including PM of government in exile of Tibet. It showed India’s support for an independent Tibet.
After India is done with Pakistan, India needs to walk the talk and get going with China.
Tibet, along with others, has to be liberated at all costs and the way forward is to form the Association of Hindu – Buddhist countries.